Runtime Config

If you wish to reference environment variables within your Nuxt 3 app, you will need to use runtime config.

When referencing these variables within your components, you will have to use the useRuntimeConfig composable in your setup method (or Nuxt plugin). In the server/ portion of your app, you can use useRuntimeConfig without any import.

Read more about runtime config .


  1. Add any environment variables that you use in your app to the runtimeConfig property of the nuxt.config file.
  2. Migrate process.env to useRuntimeConfig throughout the Vue part of your app.


import { defineNuxtConfig } from 'nuxt'

export default defineNuxtConfig({
  runtimeConfig: {
    secretKey: '', // variable that can only be accessed on the server side
    public: {
      BASE_URL: process.env.BASE_URL || '' // variable that can also be accessed on the client side
<script setup>
  const config = useRuntimeConfig().public
  // instead of process.env.BASE_URL you will now access config.BASE_URL
const config = useRuntimeConfig().public

export default (req, res) => {
  // you can now access config.BASE_URL
  return {
    baseURL: config.BASE_URL
Edit this page on GitHub Updated at Wed, May 25, 2022