State Management

Nuxt provides useState composable to create a reactive and SSR-friendly shared state across components.

useState is an SSR-friendly ref replacement. Its value will be preserved after server-side rendering (during client-side hydration) and shared across all components using a unique key.

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useState only works during setup or Lifecycle Hooks .

Best practices

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Never define const state = ref() outside of <script setup> or setup() function.
Such state will be shared across all users visiting your website and can lead to memory leaks!
Instead use const useX = () => useState('x')

Examples

Basic usage

In this example, we use a component-local counter state. Any other component that uses useState('counter') shares the same reactive state.

app.vue
<script setup>
const counter = useState('counter', () => Math.round(Math.random() * 1000))
</script>

<template>
  <div>
    Counter: {{ counter }}
    <button @click="counter++">
      +
    </button>
    <button @click="counter--">
      -
    </button>
  </div>
</template>
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Read and edit a live example in Examples > Composables > Use State.
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Advanced

In this example, we use a composable that detects the user's default locale from the HTTP request headers and keeps it in a locale state.

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Read and edit a live example in Examples > Other > Locale.

Shared state

By using auto-imported composables we can define global type-safe states and import them across the app.

composables/states.ts
export const useCounter = () => useState<number>('counter', () => 0)
export const useColor = () => useState<string>('color', () => 'pink')
app.vue
<script setup>
const color = useColor() // Same as useState('color')
</script>

<template>
  <p>Current color: {{ color }}</p>
</template>
Edit this page on GitHub Updated at Wed, May 25, 2022