Server Engine

Nuxt 3 is powered by a new server engine, code-named "Nitro".

This engine has many benefits:

Cross-platform support for Node.js, Browsers, service-workers and more
Serverless support out-of-the-box
API routes support
Automatic code-splitting and async-loaded chunks
Hybrid mode for static + serverless sites
Development server with hot module reloading

API Layer

Server API endpoints and Middleware are added by Nitro that internally uses h3 .

There are a number of key features, including:

  • Handlers can directly return objects/arrays for an automatically-handled JSON response
  • Handlers can return promises, which will be awaited (res.end() and next() are also supported)
  • Helper functions for body parsing, cookie handling, redirects, headers and more

Check out the h3 docs for more information.

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Learn more about the API layer in the server/ directory.

Direct API calls

Nitro allows 'direct' calling of routes via the globally-available $fetch helper. This will make an API call to the server if run on the browser, but will simply call the relevant function if run on the server, saving an additional API call.

$fetch API is using ohmyfetch , with key features including:

  • Automatic parsing of JSON responses (with access to raw response if needed)
  • Request body and params are automatically handled, with correct Content-Type headers being added

For more information on $fetch features, check out ohmyfetch .

Typed API routes

When using API routes (or middleware), Nitro will generate typings for these routes as long as you are returning a value instead of using res.end() to send a response.

You can access these types when using $fetch() or useFetch().

Standalone Server

Nitro produces a standalone server dist that is independent of node_modules.

The server in Nuxt 2 is not standalone, but requires part of nuxt core to be involved running nuxt start (with the nuxt-start or nuxt distributions) or custom programmatic usage, which was fragile and prone to breakage and not suitable for serverless and service-worker environments.

This dist is generated when running nuxt build into a .output directory.

The output is combined with both runtime code to run your Nuxt server in any environment (including experimental browser Service Workers!) and serve you static files, making it a true hybrid framework for the Jamstack. In addition, a native storage layer is implemented, supporting multi source, drivers and local assets.

Checkout the Nitro engine on GitHub: framework/packages/nitro
Edit this page on GitHub Updated at Fri, Oct 15, 2021